Why does the County assess the value of my property?

Whereas significant federal and state government revenues are based on income, local government revenues in Virginia are derived primarily from property taxes. Real property (land, structures, etc.) assessments (and the Assessor’s Office which compiles them) are necessary to calculate property values.

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1. Where can I view my assessment value?
2. Why does the County assess the value of my property?
3. Is there underlying law that dictates how assessment values are computed?
4. How are market values determined?
5. Is every property in the County physically assessed on an annual basis?
6. If my property isn’t physically assessed every year, then how do I get an updated assessment every year?
7. Higher assessments mean higher taxes, don’t they?
8. I don’t agree with my property assessment. What can I do?
9. What’s the relationship between the Assessor’s Office and the Board of Supervisors?
10. Does anyone check the Assessor’s work?